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Development Process

What is Horizontal Drilling?
Horizontal drilling allows us to unlock millions of barrels (equivalent) of American oil and natural gas energy.

In fact, approximately 98 percent of all new wells drilled in the U.S. each day are completed using this technique.

Horizontal drilling is more efficient than vertical drilling. One horizontal well can replace up to six vertical wells.

Other benefits of horizontal drilling:

  • Improving oil production and increasing reserves
  • Intersecting natural fractures that cannot be accessed with vertical wells
  • Improving production from thin or tight reservoirs
  • Increasing America’s supply of affordable, abundant energy resources

Hydraulic Fracturing
Hydraulic fracturing, also called well completion, is a temporary process that takes, on average, three – five days per well. It involves injecting a mixture of 99.5 percent water and sand and 0.5 percent chemicals that are often found in common household products. All of these ingredients, by Colorado law, are disclosed on The pressure created by injecting this mixture creates hairline pathways, propped open by sand, for oil or natural gas to flow through the well. This process is necessary, as tight sands and shale formations are too dense to be economically produced without hydraulic fracturing.

Hydraulic fracturing is safe when performed properly. More than 1.2 million wells have been safely completed using this technique.